National Policy on Education, 2013 (Download Full Version)

Nigeria is a country of rich ethno-cultural diversity of over 350 distinct ethnic groups and over 500 indigenous languages with an estimated population of 170 million. The country occupies a landmass of 924,000 square kilometres in sub-Saharan Africa that ranges from the mangrove swampland of the Niger-Delta along the Atlantic coast in the south to the rainforest, the Sahel and Sudan savannah further inland and to the encroaching Sahara desert at the extreme fringes of the north. The generally favourable climatic conditions and predominantly arable land, endow the nation with a rich bio-diversity of bountiful flora and fauna as well as mineral resources – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

Evolving as a nation-state from the amalgamation of the British Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria in 1914 and colonial rule up to 1st October, 1960 when it gained independence, the nation is now a democratic federation of 36 States and a Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. The Nigerian education sector has the advantage of ample constitutional provisions and legislative support for the three tiers of government (Federal, State and Local) and all other stakeholders to participate in the delivery of education at all levels. As a result, the private sector, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), International Development Partners (IDPs), communities and private individuals are very active in the sector. The key challenges are to effectively coordinate activities and interventions, as well as to strengthen and deepen collaboration through appropriate policy guidelines, monitoring and quality control – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria stipulates the direction of national policy towards ensuring equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels of education and the provision of compulsory, free and universal primary education; free university education; and free adult literacy programme as soon as practicable. It provides the basic legal framework for all the three tiers of government — Federal, State and Local — to participate in the management and provision of education. The Second Schedule, Part II, paragraphs 27 to 30 of the Constitution includes education in the Concurrent List in which both the Federal and State governments can engage. The provision and maintenance of primary, adult and vocational education is listed in paragraph 2(a) of the Fourth Schedule as
one of the functions that Local governments can perform.

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The educational responsibilities of the Federal Government are carried out through the Federal Ministry of Education (FME), the 36 State Ministries of Education (SMOEs) and the FCT Education Secretariat as well as the 774 Local Government Education Authorities (LGEAs). The National Council on Education (NCE) comprises of the Minister of Education as Chair, State Commissioners of Education and the FCT Education Secretary as members; and is the highest body for formulating education policies. The NCE provides a forum for consensus building on education policy directions to be implemented at different levels of education, with varying degrees of adaptations to suit specific State and local peculiarities – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

The Joint Consultative Committee on Education (JCCE) comprises of professional officers of the Federal and State Ministries of Education and FCT Education Secretariat and their parastatals, as well as other relevant stakeholders. The JCCE provides the necessary framework and recommendations for consideration by the NCE. The FME has overall responsibility of formulating national education policies, coordinating implementation of policy provisions and quality control in service delivery, in accordance with NCE resolutions and directives.

The Nigerian education system is structured into:
• Early Child Care and Development aged 0 -4 years;
• Basic Education aged 5 -15 years. It encompasses Pre-Primary 1 year, 6 years of Primary Education and 3 years of Junior Secondary Education;
• Post-Basic Education of 3 years in Senior Secondary Schools and Technical
Colleges; and
• Tertiary Education provided in Colleges of Education, Monotechnics,
Polytechnics, and the Universities – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

Pursuant to the commitment to the global Education for All (EFA) initiative, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as national development goals encapsulated in the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) document, Basic Education is, by law, compulsory for all children of school age in Nigeria. In public schools, it is provided free through the Universal Basic Education (UBE) which is backed by legislation (The Compulsory, Free, Universal Basic Education Act, 2004). A Home-Grown School Feeding and Health Programme (HGSFHP) that provides basic health services and a free balanced meal per day for every child that attends public primary or junior secondary school is being implemented to facilitate the success of the UBE.

The need for the articulation of policy guidelines on standards, procedures, strategies and for the coordination of roles to ensure and sustain the delivery of qualitative education in Nigeria was given impetus by the outcomes of the 1969 National Curriculum Conference. Follow-up activities included wide national consultations, a seminar of expert from government educational ministries and establishments, voluntary agencies and international organisations in 1973, developed a draft document that culminated in the emergence and publication of the first National Policy on Education in 1977. The first edition of the NPE in
1977 has been successively followed by revised 2, 31, 4th and 5t1 editions published in 1981, 1988, 2004 and 2007 respectively – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

Revisions of the National Policy on Education have been necessitated by the need to address noticeable gaps in content and provisions that emerged in the course of implementation, maintain currency, relevance and to give adequate attention to new opportunities, issues and challenges. The revision and updating of the (2007) 5 edition of the National Policy on Education was informed by the need to:
(a) Situate the education sector within the overall context of governments’ reform
agenda enunciated in the National Economic Empowerment and Development
Strategy (NEEDS);
(b) reposition the Nigerian education sector to effectively meet the challenges of the EFA initiative, MDGs and NEEDS; National Policy on Education, 2013
(c) improve and refocus education quality and service delivery for the accelerated
attainment of NEEDS goals of social and economic transformation, wealth
creation, poverty reduction, employment generation and value reorientation, as
well as meet the ideals of the Transformation Agenda of the President of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria;
(d) reflect, accommodate and respond to UBE, the provisions of the UBE Act and the implications for the education sector;
(e) incorporate all new sub-sector policies to reflect global development;
(f) achieve public ownership of the National Policy on Education and improve
compliance with its provisions through consensus building in its development and
strengthened implementation monitoring; and
(g) reflect the National Vision of attaining global economic relevance by 2020,
Roadmap for the Development of the Nigerian Education Sector, the (4) Four
Year Strategy Plan for the Development of the Education Sector (2011 – 2015)
and the government’s white paper on the report of the Presidential Task Team
on Education – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

This 6th Edition of the National Policy on Education restates Nigeria’s national goals and the philosophy of education, specifies the goals and objectives education should accomplish, defines the structure and strategies for its provision, sets guidelines and required standards for its delivery, management and for quality assurance. It further clarifies the responsibilities of the three tiers of government, their agencies and all other education stakeholders. This edition highlights and emphasizes:
(a) The consolidation of Pre-Primary, Primary and Junior Secondary Education to a
10-Year Basic Education in line with UBE and its establishment Act;
(b) improved quality assurance, restructuring and enhancing the capacities of
Federal and States/FCT Inspectorate Services through effective performance
evaluation;
(c) the development and maintenance of a credible and up-to-date National
Education Management and Information System (NEMIS) and corresponding
State Education Management and Information Systems (SEMIS);
(d) the effective use of strategic planning to improve the quality of education
provision and service delivery;
(e) improving teacher quality through professionalizing the teaching profession in
Nigeria and the provision of more in-service training opportunities and other
incentives for teachers; and
(f) better coordination, collaboration and networking of activities, programmes and
interventions of all tiers of government, development partners and all other
stakeholders in the Nigerian education sector to eliminate overlaps, achieve and
sustain synergy – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

To effectively address the persistent gaps in education policy provisions and implementation in Nigeria, the process of the development and articulation of this 6th edition of the National Policy on Education involved collective and wide consultations coordinated by the Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) through the High Level Policy Committee comprising State Commissioners of Education/FCT Education Secretary, Directors in the Federal Ministry of Education and their Parastatals, International Development
Partners, Professional and other relevant bodies.

This is to ensure that the perspectives and inputs of the three tiers of government,
development partners and all other stakeholders are, as much as possible, accommodated and infused. It is therefore expected that the National Policy on Education will be publicly owned, internalized and complied with by all. To leverage this expectation, Federal, State/FCT and Local governments shall establish and adequately empower Special Policy Implementation Monitoring Units within the appropriate existing structures in their Ministries
of Education and Local Government Education Authorities and diligently monitor and provide necessary feedback on compliance – Click Here to Download National Policy on Education, 2013 FULL Version for FREE

Prof. Godswill Obioma mae, fman, fcon, fstan, flpma, fnatt
Executive Secretary, Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council
(NERDC) and Chairman, High Level Policy Committee on the Review of the
National Policy on Education (NPE)

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